Thursday, January 17, 2019

Republic Day 2019 Chief Guest: 26 January Chief Guest Cyril Ramaphosa

Republic Day 2019 Chief Guest: Republic Day honours the date on which the Constitution of India came into effect on 26 January 1950 replacing the Government of India Act (1935) as the governing document of India.

The Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949 and came into effect on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system, completing the country's transition towards becoming an independent republic. 26 January was chosen as the Happy Republic Day because it was on this day in 1930 when Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress as opposed to the Dominion status offered by British Regime.

List of Happy Republic Day Chief Guest Name

Year
Guest name
Country
Note
1950President SukarnoIndonesia
1951King Tribhuvan Bir Bikram ShahNepal
1952
1953
1954King Jigme Dorji WangchuckBhutan
1955Governor General Malik Ghulam MuhammadPakistanFirst guest for parade at Rajpath
1956Chancellor of the Exchequer R. A. ButlerUnited KingdomNoteTwo guests
Chief Justice Kōtarō TanakaJapan
1957Minister of Defence Georgy ZhukovSoviet Union
1958Marshall Ye JianyingChina
1959Duke of Edinburgh Prince PhilipUnited Kingdom2nd invitation
1960Chairman Kliment VoroshilovSoviet Union2nd invitation
1961Queen ElizabethUnited Kingdom3rd invitation, Note
1962Prime Minister Viggo KampmannDenmarkNote
1963King Norodom SihanoukCambodia
1964Chief of Defence Staff LordLouis MountbattenUnited Kingdom4th invitation, Note
1965Food and Agriculture Minister Rana Abdul HamidPakistan2nd invitation
1966No invitationNo invitationNote
1967King Mohammed Zahir ShahAfghanistanNote
1968Chairman Alexei KosyginSoviet Union3rd invitationTwo guests
President Josip Broz TitoYugoslavia
1969Prime Minister Todor ZhivkovBulgaria
1970King of the BelgiansBaudouinBelgiumNote
1971President Julius NyerereTanzania
1972Prime Minister Seewoosagur RamgoolamMauritius
1973President Mobutu Sese SekoZaire
1974President Josip Broz TitoYugoslavia2nd invitationTwo guests
Prime Minister Sirimavo BandaranaikeSri Lanka
1975President Kenneth KaundaZambia
1976Prime Minister Jacques ChiracFrance
1977First Secretary Edward GierekPoland
1978President Patrick HilleryIreland
1979Prime Minister Malcolm FraserAustralia
1980President Valéry Giscard d'EstaingFrance2nd invitation
1981President Jose Lopez PortilloMexico
1982King Juan CarlosSpain
1983President Shehu ShagariNigeria
1984King Jigme Singye WangchuckBhutan2nd invitation
1985President Raúl AlfonsínArgentina
1986Prime Minister Andreas PapandreouGreece
1987President Alan GarciaPeru
1988President J. R. JayewardeneSri Lanka2nd invitation
1989General Secretary Nguyen Van LinhVietnam
1990Prime Minister Anerood JugnauthMauritius2nd invitation
1991President Maumoon Abdul GayoomMaldives
1992President Mário SoaresPortugal
1993Prime Minister John MajorUnited Kingdom5th invitation
1994Prime Minister Goh Chok TongSingapore
1995President Nelson MandelaSouth Africa
1996President Fernando Henrique CardosoBrazil
1997Prime Minister Basdeo PandayTrinidad and Tobago
1998President Jacques ChiracFrance3rd invitation
1999King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah DevNepal2nd invitation
2000President Olusegun ObasanjoNigeria2nd invitation
2001President Abdelaziz BouteflikaAlgeria
2002President Cassam UteemMauritius3rd invitation
2003President Mohammed KhatamiIran
2004President Luiz Inacio Lula da SilvaBrazil2nd invitation
2005King Jigme Singye WangchuckBhutan3rd invitation
2006King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al-SaudSaudi Arabia
2007President Vladimir PutinRussia4th invitation
2008President Nicolas SarkozyFrance4th invitation
2009President Nursultan NazarbayevKazakhstan
2010President Lee Myung BakSouth Korea
2011President Susilo Bambang YudhoyonoIndonesia2nd invitation
2012Prime Minister Yingluck ShinawatraThailand
2013King Jigme Khesar Namgyel WangchuckBhutan4th invitation
2014Prime Minister Shinzo AbeJapan2nd invitation
2015President Barack ObamaUnited States
2016President François HollandeFrance5th invitation
2017Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed Al NahyanUnited Arab Emirates
2018Sultan Hassanal BolkiahBruneiTen guests (Heads of ASEAN states)[63]
Prime Minister Hun SenCambodia2nd invitation
President Joko WidodoIndonesia3rd invitation
Prime Minister Thongloun SisoulithLaos
Prime Minister Najib RazakMalaysia
State Counsellor Daw     Aung San Suu KyiMyanmar
President Rodrigo Roa DutertePhilippines
Prime Minister Lee Hsien LoongSingapore2nd invitation
Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ochaThailand2nd invitation
Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân PhúcVietnam2nd invitation
2019President Cyril RamaphosaSouth Africa2nd invitation


Republic Day Chief Guest - 26 January Chief Guest 2019

Donald Trump won’t attend 2019 Republic Day Parade

While no reasons could be ascertained for the decision, the US President’s busy domestic commitments are believed to be the reason for the decision.
United States President Donald Trump will not be visiting India after all to be the chief guest at the Republic Day celebrations next year, top government sources confirmed to this newspaper on Thursday.

President Trump will not be the chief guest for India’s Republic Day next year,” a source confirmed. The government was hopeful that the US President would attend but has received information that a visit at that time will not be possible. New Delhi will now have to look at other options among world leaders for a chief guest for the Republic Day ceremony.

It may be recalled that the US administration had stated in August this year that an invitation had been extended by India but that no final decision had been taken as yet on President Trump attending. But with the Indian R-Day just three months away, Washington has taken the decision.

Sources maintained that the Indian government was keen that President Trump visit the country and that a date for the official visit could be finalised even after Republic Day. Sources maintained that the invitation had not been specific to Republic Day but it is clear that the government was keen that President Trump attend as the chief guest.

While no reasons could be ascertained for the decision, the US President’s busy domestic commitments are believed to be the reason for the decision. President Trump is apparently scheduled to deliver the State of the Union Address to the joint session of the US Congress around the same time. The address, according to reports, “includes a budget message and an economic report of the nation, and also allows the President to propose their outlined legislative agenda and national priorities”.

There are also troubles on the foreign policy front. India is determined to buy armaments from Russia despite Washington frowning upon it. New Delhi has sought a waiver from US sanctions on Russian military exports for the recent deal inked with Russia for sale of S-400 missiles. New Delhi is also certain to buy Iranian oil even after November 4 this year, the date the US has set for countries to stop buying

Iranian oil if they want to escape US sanctions. New Delhi is “cautiously optimistic” that US sanctions won’t be imposed on it but is nevertheless prepared to weather it.

Had President Trump attended, he would have been the second US President in the current tenure of the Modi government to be the chief guest at India’s R-Day celebrations. President Barack Obama had attended the Republic Day parade on January 26, 2015, as chief guest.

The current tenure of the Modi government has seen Indo-US ties go from strength to strength despite the mercurial and unpredictable nature of the Trump Presidency.

India and the United States had held their “inaugural 2+2 dialogue” at the foreign and defence ministerial level in New Delhi just last month on September 6. Minister of external affairs Sushma Swaraj and defence minister Nirmala Sitharaman had hosted the US Secretary of State Michael R. Pompeo and US Secretary of Defence James Mattis in New Delhi on that day for the 2+2 dialogue.

Republic Day Chief Guest - 26 January Chief Guest 2019

Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday met South African President Cyril Ramaphosa on the sidelines of the G-20 summit here and invited him to be the Chief Guest at the Republic Day celebrations next year, which also marks the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The South African leader accepted the invitation to grace the occasion. “Glad to have met President @CyrilRamaphosa. At a time when India is marking the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, it is our honour to welcome President Ramaphosa as the Chief Guest for the 2019 Republic Day celebrations. Bapu’s close link with South Africa is well known,” Modi tweeted after the meeting.

He said Ramaphosa’s visit to India will further cement bilateral ties between the two countries.

“The upcoming visit of President @CyrilRamaphosa, and that too during the special occasion of India’s Republic Day will further cement business and people-to-people ties between India and South Africa,” Modi tweeted.

Following the meeting between Modi and Ramaphosa, External Affairs Ministry spokesperson Ravish Kumar tweeted, “150 years of Mahatma & 100 years of Madiba!” He was referring to July 18 this year, which marks 100 years since the birth of the global icon Nelson Mandela, also popularly known as Madiba, who died in 2013 at the age of 95.

Kumar further tweeted, “Good meeting between PM @narendramodi & South Africa President @CyrilRamaphosa on margins of #G20Summit. President Ramaphosa accepted India’s invitation to be the Chief Guest at Republic Day during the 150th anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi.”

(This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed)

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